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Welcome

This is my personal project, Kasir! It is quite difficult for Lokasirazhej, but this Duolingo-based course will hopefully give you a taste for the language. Let's begin with pronunciation:

Pronunciation

All vowels distinguish between long and short but most are different sounds rather than actually being longer.

  • Aa - Father
  • Áá - Father (but longer)
  • Ee - Bed
  • Éé - May (not a diphthong as in English, that sound is represented by ej)
  • Ii - Pit
  • Íí - Meet
  • Oo - Pot
  • Óó - Coat
  • Uu - Put
  • Úú - Room

Pretty easy right? Now let's do the consonants.

  • Bb - Boat
  • Ch ch - Throaty coughy sound like in Welsh
  • Dd - Do
  • Dh dh - This never as in think
  • Ff - Foot
  • Gg - Goat
  • Hh - Hate
  • Jj - Yacht
  • Kk - Cat
  • Kh kh - As in the Scottich "Loch"
  • Ll - Loose
  • Mm - Moose
  • Nn - No
  • Nh - Long
  • Nj nj - Oinion
  • Pp - Put
  • Rr - Thrilled r as in Spanish or stereotypical Scottish English
  • Ss - So
  • Sh sh - Shall
  • Tt - To
  • Th th - Think never as in this
  • Vv - Vote
  • Ww - Will
  • Zz - Zoo
  • Zh zh - Treasure
  • ' - Glottal Stop, similar to the stop in the English Uh-oh or how the word "bottle" is pronounced in Irish/Cockney English

A little more difficult but still pretty easy, right?

About Sentence Structure

You may be looking at words like Azunúnalúne'an and be like "wut?!", but verbs in Kasir are built a bit like Lego bricks being stacked on top of each other. Let's break down Azunúnalúne'an

  • Az - Shows the imperfective (this will explained later)
  • Un - Shows that this verb is in the present tense (i.e. I am, I eat, I do, not I will be or I was)
  • Ú(n) - Shows that this verb is in the indicative mood (this will also be explained later)
  • Alú - This means "to be"
  • (N)e - This shows us that the subject is singular (i.e. I, you (sg.), he, she, it not we you (pl.) or they)
  • An - Means "I" (masculine, informal), if you were a girl you would use ana

So put it all together az-un-ú(n)-alú-(n)e-an, azunúalúne'an

I'll introduce verbs in depth in a later lesson, all you need to remember is:

  • Put azunú before a verb beginning with a consonant
  • Put azunún before a verb beginning with a vowel (just like alú!)
  • And add e after a verb ending with a consonant
  • Add add ne after a verb ending with a vowel (just like alú!)
  • If the subject (words like ana) begin with a vowel, they are separated with a ' (Glottal stop)

Now let's learn the singular subjects. There is a difference between formal versions of I, you, he, etc. but we will learn the informal versions now.

  • An - I (masculine, informal)
  • Ana - I (feminine, informal)
  • At - You (masculine, singular, informal)
  • Ata - You (feminine, singular, informal)
  • Er - He (informal)
  • Zi - She (informal)

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